Inequality in education and health in Bolivia is striking. The gaps in child mortality and malnutrition are wider in Bolivia than in other Latin American countries. Disparities in literacy rates between urban and rural residents are vast. These inequalities suggest Bolivia is failing to ensure equal enjoyment for all people of economic, social and cultural rights.
Making Human Rights Accountability More Graphic
CESR's fact sheet
on Bolivia provides a graphic overview of selected elements of the human
rights to health and education, highlighting areas where
government efforts to realize these rights may be inadequate. It was
prepared in light of Bolivia's appearance before the UN Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (CESCR) in May 2008.
The 40th Session of the Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights
CESCR is the body of independent experts that monitors implementation of the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights.
Part of CESCR's 40th session (April 28-May 26, 2008 in Geneva) focused on the consideration of the state reports submitted by Bolivia. In light of its consideration of Bolivia's reports, and the subsequent discussion, the Committee adopted a set of concluding observations. These concluding observations list principal subjects of concern along with suggestions and recommendations to the State party.
Other NGO Reports
Other NGOs also contributed
parallel reports on the Bolivian government's compliance with the
International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights. These organizations included:
- Global Initiative to End All Corporal Punishment of Children
- Situación de DESC
- Respuestas de la Sociedad Civil
- Derecho a la Alimentación de DHAA, FIAN y AIPE
Get Involved To find out more about how the Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights works, and how you can work with it, see CESR's manual on how to submit reports. There are also various legal means related to the UN to hold states to account for their legal human rights obligations.
by Victoria Wisniewski Otero and Sally-Anne Way
March 2nd, 2011