Country Publications

CESR's country-focused publications, including case studies, in-depth human rights reports and more from Afghanistan, Ecuador, Iraq, Honduras, Peru, Nigeria, the United States and others. You can also browse our "Visualizing Rights" series of country facts sheets: Angola, Bangladesh, Bolivia, Cambodia, Equatorial Guinea, Guatemala, India, Kenya, Madagascar, Egypt and the United States.

Egypt: Widespread rights retrogression exposed before UPR
Briefing papers: New series of factsheets highlights economic and social rights situation in Egypt before the UN Human Rights Council's Universal Periodic Review.
New factsheet indicates rights retrogression and worsening living conditions in Egypt
Factsheet: A new factsheet produced by CESR and its Egyptian partner ECESR provides a concise statistical snapshot of worrying trends in economic and social rights in Egypt.
Factsheet: España
Una nueva ficha informativa analiza la situación de los derechos económicos, sociales y culturales en España, especialmente tras la crisis económica que comenzó a afectar al país en 2007.
Spain factsheet
A new CESR factsheet examines the enjoyment of economic, social and cultural rights in Spain since the economic crisis took hold in 2007
Great Expectations, Bitter Realities
Economic Decline and Human Rights Abuse under the Oslo Process, 2001
Right to Water in Palestine: A Background
This report looks at the history behind the Palestinian's fight for their right for water. The Israeli confiscation and control of Palestinian water resources is a defining feature of the Israeli occupation and a major impediment to a just resolution of the Israel-Palestine conflict.
Thirsting for Justice
The purpose of this report is to expose the ways in which Israel has taken complete control of shared Palestinian-Israeli water sources, since the beginning of the occupation in 1967, and has continued to limit availability, destroy accessibility and degrade the quality of the already inadequate amount of water that is available to Palestinian households.
Human Rights and Reconstruction in Afghanistan
This report presents the findings of a human rights assessment mission to Afghanistan, undertaken in January 2002 by CESR. To provide a snapshot of local human rights priorities.
"Treated Like Slaves" Donna Karan, Inc. Violates Women Workers' Human Rights
This preliminary report examines violations of women workers' human rights in the Choe factories, located in the heart of New York City and supplying garments for Donna Karen.
The Right to Education in the United States
A report from the Social and Economic Council on the Right to Education in the United States following September 11th 2001
Civil Society and School Accountability
This report looks at the quality of education in America and how it is failing students, parents and advocates
The Right to Health in the United States
In October 2004, CESR published "The Right to Health in the United States of America: What Does it Mean?", a report on how the U.S. health care system falls short of international standards for the right to health.
The Price of Gold: Gold Mining & Human Rights in Honduras
2001 report on a CESR investigation to the current operation of the gold mining industry in Honduras since the passage of the General Mining Law in November 1998.
MMSD Human Rights Critique on Mining Practices
Mining, Minerals and Sustainable Development Report, March 2003
Economic and Social Rights Violations in Peru
This report focuses on the importance of the Commission’s role in promoting economic, social, and cultural rights in the context of its proposed country visit to Peru.
Rights Violations in the Ecuadorian Amazon: The Human Consequences of Oil Development
A report examining the government of Ecuador and US oil companies role in violating the rights to health and a healthy environment (1994).
Quito Declaration
On the enforcement and realization of economic, social, and cultural rights in Latin America and the Caribbean (July 24, 1998)
CESR Submission to the Committee on the Rights of the Child: Consideration of Report by Ecuador
Comments based on the report 'From Needs to Rights: Recognizing the Right to Health in Ecuador'from The Committee on the Rights of the Child 1998
The Right to Health in Ecuador
In 1999 CESR investigated the impact of the petroleum industry on the communities of the Ecuadorian Amazon. Initially this was reported on in 1994, this report we have extended the perspective, with the understanding that rights violations are not limited to the Amazon, nor to actions as direct as oil exploitation.
Ecuador Case Study
Case study on the state of economic, social and cultural rights in Ecuador, 1999.
African Commission's Decision
At its 30th Ordinary Session held in Banjul, The Gambia from 13th to 27th October 2001, the African Commission examined the above mentioned communication and found the Federal Republic of Nigeria in violation of Articles 2, 4, 14, 16, 18(1), 21 and 24 of the African Charter on Human and Peoples' Rights.
Nigeria petition
In March 1996, CESR and Social and Economic Rights Action Center (SERAC), a Nigeria-based human rights organization jointly submitted a legal communication to the African Commission on Human and Peoples' Rights regarding economic and social rights violations in Nigeria.
Health and Welfare in Iraq after the Gulf Crisis: An In-Depth Assessment
In September 1991, CESR directors organized a 87-person international mission (the International Study Team ) to conduct the most comprehensive studies in Iraq to date, including an epidemiological survey of infant and child mortality. This was the first mission to document a dramatic increase in mortality rates and excess child deaths due to war and sanctions. The findings were published in this report.
Unsanctioned Suffering
Published in 1996, this report offered evidence of the devastating toll that UN-imposed sanctions were taking on Iraqi society and was the first major report to charge the US and the UN Security Council with violating human rights, including the right to life, by imposing collective punishment on the Iraqi population in an effort to change the behavior of its leadership.
Sanctions Against Iraq: Costs of Failure
In 1997, CESR organized a fourth mission to Iraq to research a comprehensive report on the economic impact of sanctions. CESR sent a team of economists from the London School of Economics to Iraq to study the effect of sanctions on the Iraqi economy and the livelihood and well-being of its population. The enormous human and economic costs of sanctions are examined in this report, which also resulted in hearings at the UK House of Commons.
The Human Cost of War in Iraq
In January 2003, a CESR organized a research mission to Iraq to assess the likely humanitarian consequences of war through a combination of field surveys and interviews. Based upon its research the team released this report, which assessed the full costs of a potential war, especially to vulnerable civilians, with a focus on likely damage to essential public services if the U.S. targeted the economic and civilian infrastructure as they did in the first Gulf War. The report also established a baseline assessment of pre-war socio-economic conditions and sought to determine the extent to which Iraq's health infrastructure would be able to cope with the consequences of war.
Tearing up the Rules: The Illegality of Invading Iraq
In March 2003, CESR released a report which presented a comprehensive analysis of why a war against Iraq would be unequivocally illegal.
Water under seige
From April 2003, this report examines the lack of safe water in Iraq caused by the war.
Beyond Torture: U.S. Violations of Occupation Law in Iraq
This report, from June 2004, presents ten categories of U.S. violations of the laws of occupation. The report finds that one year after the war against Iraq, the U.S. was committing war crimes and other serious violations of international law in Iraq as a matter of ongoing policy.
Bolivia Fact Sheet
Inequality in education and health, regional disparities in child mortality, malnutrition and urban-rural gaps in literacy rates suggest Bolivia is not ensuring the equal enjoyment of all people to economic, social and cultural rights (2008).
India Fact Sheet
This 2008 fact sheet found that although India has seen higher economic growth from 1995 to 2005 than its South Asian neighbors, it has had one of the smallest declines in under-five mortality rates. Along with vast gender disparities in primary education, the analysis suggests that India is not realizing economic and social rights progressively according maximum available resources, nor is it ensuring equal treatment in access and enjoyment to these rights.
Guatemala Fact Sheet
This 2008 fact sheet focuses on the rights to health, food and education in Guatemala. Guatemala has some of the worst social outcomes in Latin America: About 50 percent of children under five suffer from chronic malnutrition; almost one in three children does not complete primary school; and 290 women die from complications in pregnancy or childbirth (for every 100,000 live births), the worst rate in Latin America along with Bolivia.
Kenya Fact Sheet
In comparison with other sub-Saharan African countries, Kenya appears to be making sufficient progress in realizing economic and social rights. But sharp disparities by province suggest that the government's duty of non-discrimination is not being met, this 2008 CESR fact sheet found.
Angola Fact Sheet
Although Angola has one of the highest GDP per capita in Sub-Saharan Africa, average life expectancy is 41 years and 69 percent of Angolans live below the poverty line, this 2008 CESR factsheet found.
Madagascar Fact Sheet
CESR's 2009 fact sheet on Madagascar provides a graphic overview of selected elements of the human rights to food, health and water, seeking to highlight areas where government efforts to realize these rights may be inadequate.
Cambodia Fact Sheet
CESR's 2009 fact sheet on Cambodia provides a graphic overview of selected elements of the human rights to health, food, education, housing and water, seeking to highlight areas where government efforts to realize these rights may be inadequate.
Bangladesh Fact Sheet
In light of Bangladesh’s appearance before the Committee on the Rights of the Child in May 2009, this fact sheet looks at the realization of economic and social rights for Bangladesh’s children.
Equatorial Guinea Fact Sheet
This 2010 fact sheet looks at the realization of economic and social rights in Equatorial Guinea. It focuses on the rights to health, education, water and sanitation, and exposes possible policy failures in these areas.
Egypt Fact Sheet
This 2009 CESR fact sheet looks at women's rights in Egypt, including their right to health, education, work, water and sanitation. Progress in realizing these rights remains relatively low in Egypt compared to other lower-middle income countries in the Middle East and North Africa.
United States Fact Sheet
A 2010 CESR fact sheet reveals that despite the country's wealth, the United States has one the poorest records of economic and social rights achievement of all high-income countries.
Guatemala: Rights or Privileges?
Fiscal commitments and the rights to food, health and education in Guatemala. CESR's 2009 joint report with Instituto Centroamericano de Estudios Fiscales.